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几种常见的生态护坡技术
几种常见的生态护坡技术
Several common ecological slope protection technologies
一、人工种草护坡
I. planting grass for slope protection
人工种草护坡,是通过人工在边坡坡面简单播撒草种的一种传统边坡植物防护措施。多用于边坡高度不高、坡度较缓且适宜草类生长的土质路堑和路堤边坡防护工程。
Artificial planting grass for slope protection is a kind of traditional slope plant protection measure by simply planting grass on slope surface. It is widely used in soil cutting and embankment slope protection projects with low slope height, gentle slope and suitable for grass growth.
特点:施工简单、造价低廉等。
Features: simple construction, low cost and so on.
缺点:由于草籽播撒不均匀,草籽易被雨水冲走,种草成活率低等原因,往往达不到满意的边坡防护效果,而造成坡面冲沟,表土流失等边坡病害,导致大量的边坡病害整治、修复工程,使得该技术近年应用较少。
Disadvantages: due to the uneven sowing of grass seeds, grass seeds are easy to be washed away by rainwater, grass survival rate is low and other reasons, often can not achieve satisfactory slope protection effect, resulting in slope gullies, surface soil loss and other slope diseases, resulting in a large number of slope disease treatment, restoration projects, making the technology less used in recent years.
小记:该方法局限性很大,缺点也很明显,可以考虑椰网(或椰毯)铺设法替代,既生态,施工也方便。
Note: This method has great limitations and obvious shortcomings. Coconut net (or coconut carpet) can be considered to replace it. It is not only ecological, but also convenient for construction.
二、土工格室植草护坡
Two. Grass planting and slope protection in geocell
土工格室植草护坡是指在展开并固定在坡面上的土工格室内填充改良客土,然后在格室上挂三维植被网,进行喷播施工的一种护坡技术。利用土工格室为草坪生长提供稳定、良好的生存环境。
Grass planting and slope protection in geocell is a kind of slope protection technology that fills the improved soil in the geocell which is deployed and fixed on the slope surface, and then hangs the three-dimensional vegetation net on the cell to carry on the spray seeding construction. Use geocell to provide stable and good living environment for lawn growth.
特点:采用土工格室植草,可使不毛之地的边坡充分绿化,带孔的格式还能增加坡面的排水性能。适合于坡度较缓的泥岩、灰岩、砂岩等岩质路堑边坡。
Features: The use of geocell grass planting can make the barren slope fully afforested, with hole format can also increase the slope drainage performance. It is suitable for cutting slopes with mudstone, limestone and sandstone with gentle slope.
缺点:要求边坡坡度较缓。
Disadvantages: slope gradient is slow.
三、蜂巢式网格植草护坡
Three. Honeycomb mesh grass planting slope protection
蜂巢式网格植草护坡,是一项类似于干砌片石护坡的边坡防护技术。是在修整好的边坡坡面上拼铺正六边形混凝土框砖形成蜂巢式网格后,在网格内铺填种植土,再在砖框内栽草或种草的一项边坡防护措施。
Honeycomb mesh grass planting slope protection is a slope protection technology similar to dry stone rubble revetment. It is a slope protection measure that hexagonal concrete frame brick is laid on the repaired slope surface to form honeycomb grid, and then planted soil in the grid, and then planted grass or grass in the brick frame.

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  1. 清苑县瑞鑫机械设备制造有限公司
  2. 手机:15612244999
  3. 网址:www.hupomuju.cn
  4. 地址:河北省保定市清苑区

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